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Today, there are more than 300 estates on the Chablisian terroir, some of which have been in the same family for 14 generations. Chablis is also a cooperative winery created in 1923 and which today represents the quarter of the vineyard.
The Chablis appellation dates back to the Cistercian monks
The Chablis vineyard is located in the northernmost part of Burgundy, in the department of Yonne. The appellation area radiates around the town of Chablis and extends over 20 communes.
The presence of vines is attested as early as Roman times and the creation of the village of Chablis. The vineyard will know a first important phase of extension in the 12th century thanks to the Cistercian monks. The latter played a major role in the wholeBurgundian vineyard and particularly in Chablis with the foundation of the Pontigny Abbey in 1114.
The end of the 19th century was marked for the whole vineyard by the phylloxera crisis. The Chablis vineyard was badly affected and its production area was reduced to 550 hectares.
The Chablis are characterized by their minerality
Today, the vineyards of Chablis extend over 5500 hectares entirely dedicated to the cultivation of Chardonnay. This grape variety, known worldwide, is native to Burgundy. It expresses itself on the terroir of Chablis like no other. Indeed, the terroir of Chablis benefits from geological and climatic particularities which gives Chardonnay a great typicity.
The subsoil of Chablis is called: Kimméridgien. It is a geological layer dating from the Upper Jurassic, i.e. about 150 million years ago. Mainly composed of grey marl and limestone banks, the subsoil is particularly rich in fossils of Exogyra Virgula, small oysters, which bring this minerality so characteristic of Chablis wines.
The geographical location of the Chablis appellation offers the territory a climate known as Oceanic degraded. Namely, it benefits from both oceanic and continental influences. This climate is characterized by low rainfall, harsh winters and hot summers. The Chablis vineyard is particularly sensitive to spring frost.
Behind the name Chablis there are four appellations
Behind the name of Chablis, we find 4 appellations, which each have their own characteristics.
Chablis :It is the appellation Village of the vineyard. It represents 3630 hectares of production spread over all the communes of the generic appellation. Its AOC was instituted in 1938 and consecrates the production of a dry white wine exclusively elaborated from Chardonnay..
The wine has a pale, brilliant gold color. Its nose is characterized by a fresh, lively and mineral bouquet. On the palate, the wine is dry and full of finesse. It reveals aromas of white flesh fruits, citrus fruits, hints of lime blossom or acacia, and of course, its main characteristic, nuances of silex or flint.
Petit Chablis :Established in 1944, the Petit Chablis appellation represents 1018 hectares in production throughout the Chablis area. These terroirs are mainly located at the top of the hillside or at the beginning of the plateau.
The wine has a pale gold color. It offers a delicate nose with notes of white flowers, citrus fruits and mineral nuances. On the palate, the wine is lively on the attack and lingers on a well-balanced roundness. It offers a mineral and fresh finish. The Petit Chablis can be enjoyed in its youth.
Chablis 1er Cru :Established in 1938, the Chablis 1er Cru appellation covers a production area of 780 hectares spread over the communes of Beines, Chablis, La Chapelle Vaupelteigne, Chichée, Courgis, Fleys, Fontenay-Près-Chablis, Fyé, Maligny, Milly, Poinchy. The appellation dedicates 40 climates classified as 1er Cru. The Climats are micro-terroirs precisely delimited for their geological and climatic characteristics. The Climats of the Chablis 1er Cru appellation are located on hillsides on both sides of the river Serein.
The wine has a pale gold color with green reflections. Its nose is delicate and complex, mixing floral, fruity and mineral notes.On the palate, the wine is structured and reveals a complex aromatic palette.The finish is long and full of finesse and minerality. It is a wine for laying down and gastronomy.
Chablis Grand Cru :Established in 1938, the Chablis Grand Cru appellation covers an area of about one hundred hectares in the commune of Chablis.
The wine offers a pure, golden-green color. The nose reveals a complex bouquet marked by an intense minerality, notes of dried fruits and white flowers. In the mouth, the wine is perfectly balanced offering vivacity and roundness. The aromas develop with a lot of character. The finish is persistent, highlighting its mineral structure. It is a wine for long ageing and gastronomy.
The perfect match between Chablis and a seafood platter
Chablis wines are dry white wines known for their pronounced minerality and strong. Pleasant as an aperitif, they are also perfect to accompany a whole meal. Their minerality makes them the perfect companions of a seafood platter, shellfish or fish cooked in sauce. Chablis wines also marry wonderfully with white meats and first of all with Bresse chicken.
There are many mythical domains of Chablis
There are many mythical Chablis estates, which produce wines in the most beautiful climates.
The Ravenau estate :The Domaine de Ravenau is located in Chablis on a surface area of approximately 9.5 hectares entirely dedicated to Chardonnay.
Real star of the appellation, the wines of Domaine Ravenau reach summits and harvest maximum notes of Robert Parker. Among the best vintages, we can mention the Chablis Grand Cru Les Clos as well as the Montée de Tonnerre cuvée.
The Vincent Dauvissat estate:The Vincent Dauvissat estate, cultivated for 3 generations, is located in Chablis on an area of about 13 hectares entirely dedicated to Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. The estate covers the four local appellations (Petit Chablis, Chablis, Chablis 1er Cru and Grand Cru).
The appellation of Chablis is famous for its festivals and traditions
Throughout the year, the Chablisiens share their heritage and passion through festivals and traditions.
Fête des Vins and Baptism of the Vintage:Every year, amateurs, connoisseurs, professionals and the general public meet in Chablis to taste the wines of the new vintage.
La Peulée:La Peuylée is simply a meal at the end of the harvest offered by the owners of the estate. Over time this tradition has become a convivial meal where each guest can discover the bottles from his cellar.
Bourgogne Côte d'Or
Vin de Pays des Coteaux de l'Auxois