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The Mercrurey AOC would go back up in 312 after D-C
The first traces of a vineyard in Mercurey are found in writings dating back to 312. In the Middle Ages the vineyard developed as did the trade of wines which were then sold under the name of " wines of Beaune ". It is in the 19th century thanks to the families of merchants that the wines of Mercurey take their own commercial identity and claim their particularity. The merchant families built beautiful estates on the appellation.
The first classification of the Mercurey vineyard in climate dates back to 1899.
In 1923, the wine-growing community regroups to sue the winegrowers from the neighboring village who wrongly use the reputation of Mercurey wines to sell their product. Following the success of this lawsuit and the motivation of the producers, who were then grouped into a defense syndicate, the AOC Mercurey was recognized by the INAO in 1936. The list of climates benefiting from the mention " premier cru " is recognized in 1943. The will to protect the AOC is the main mission of the Confrérie Chanteflûte created in 1971.
The biggest catastrophe for the Mercurey vineyard dates back to the violent storms of the summer of 1980. The vineyard and the villages are under water but the motivation of the producers to return to their vineyard, allows them to rebuild it and raise it to the highest level. The wines of Mercurey have gained in reputation, they now compete with the wines of the Côte d'Or with a reasonable quality/price ratio.
The AOC Mercurey benefits from a hilly landscape and a geological diversity
The AOC extends over 650 ha, in the communes of Mercurey and Saint-Martin-sous-Montaigu. The viticultural relief is in the continuity of that of the Côte d'Or, elongated in a north/south direction. Located west of Chalon-sur-Saône, the appellation's vineyard is on the slopes of the Girou valley (in other words, the Val d'Or). These two slopes (North and South) are themselves divided into 4 valleys perpendicular to the Girou. The soils come from sedimentary rocks (limestone and marl) which date from the Jurassic period. The particularity of Mercurey is that each geological stage can be found on the AOC.
This geological complexity gives 5 families of soils and subsoils whose distribution is scattered over the AOC. One finds stony calcareous soils not very thick on a calcareous base (240 ha), calcareous soils resting on a marly base with sometimes a sandy tendency and sometimes a calcareous tendency (190 ha), Soils consisting of red colored pebbles resting on a marly substrate (190 ha), deep soils consisting of clay mixed with limestone (70 ha) and colluvial soils located on both sides of the Girou valley whose origin is linked to the erosion of the upper subsoils.
The Pinot Noir represents 90% of the vineyard and the remaining 10% are planted in Chardonnay. The climate is a degraded oceanic climate counterbalanced by continental and southern influences. Summers are sunny and winters cool. Precipitation is distributed throughout the seasons.
The richness of the Mercurey wines
The white wines from Chardonnay have a golden robe with green reflections. The aromatic bouquet develops notes of white flowers, dried fruits (almonds and hazelnuts), spices with sometimes a note of minerality. The mouth is tasty and rich. They present a nice length.
The red wines from the Pinot Noir have a ruby color. The nose presents notes of red fruits such as raspberry, strawberry and cherry. Ageing gives notes of undergrowth, tobacco and cocoa beans. The mouthfeel is rich, fruity and fleshy. The tanins sometimes bring some firmness in youth. It is therefore preferable to consume them after a few years of aging.
What are the best plates to accompany a Mercurey wine?
The white wines can be enjoyed as an aperitif but also with grilled fish or sauces, cooked seafood or Asian dishes. They accompany a hard cheese platter.
The richness of red wines will accompany a piece of beef or lamb but also white meats such as roast pork or simmered poultry. They can be enjoyed on a cheese platter.
The great vintages of Mercurey
The great vintages for the white wines of Mercurey are 1928, 1929, 1937, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1971 and 1978. Closer to us we can note the vintages 2002, 2005, 2010 and 2014.
The great vintages for the red wines of Mercurey are 1928, 1929, 1937, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1953, 1957, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1971, 1978 and 1990. Closer to us we can note the vintages 2005, 2009 and 2015.
The great estates of Mercurey
The domain De VillaineDomaine De Villaine is of course one of the key players in the Côte Chalonnaise vineyard. This estate belongs to Aubert De Vilaine and his wife, Pamela, taken over since 2001 by Pierre de Benoist, his nephew. The cultivation method applied to the estate since 1986, respects the principles of organic farming. The "Aligoté de Bouzeron" is the emblem of the estate but all the appellations of the Côte Chalonnaise are represented, including the AOC Mercurey. The wines are fine, elegant and transmit the characteristics of their terroir of origin..
François Raquillet's domainThe François Raquillet estate is located in Mercurey. Taken over by François Raquillet and his wife since 1990, the estate covers 14 ha of the Chalonnaise coast. The work in the vineyard and in the cellar is meticulous in order to obtain white and red wines of great quality, balanced and harmonious.
Château de ChamireyThe Château de Chamirey estate is located in Mercurey. The Devillard family has owned it since 1934. The estate extends over 37 ha of which 15 ha in premier cru, spread over the Mercurey vineyard. They notably own the monopolies "La mission" in white and "Le clos des ruelles" in red.
Bourgogne Côte d'Or
Vin de Pays des Coteaux de l'Auxois